Terra-Cotta ArmyThe well-known Terra-cotta Museum is located east of Emperor Qin's Mausoleum, which covers a total area of 20 hectares. The museum is decorated with green trees. The scenery in the museum are quite elegant and delightful. Three main buildings of the museum, which were named Pit 1,Pit 2, Pit 3, were set up on their original sites in different periods of time.
It is recorded that in March, 1974, the farmers from Xiyang Village of Yanzhai Township in Lintong District of Xian accidentally discovered many broken pottery figures while digging a well, 1.5 km away to east of Emperor Qin Shihuang's Tomb. After archaeological excavation and careful research, it turned out to be a pit in which were buried terra-cotta warriors and horses from the Qin Dynasty. In 1976, after drilling, another two pits were found one by one nearby. They were named Pit 1, 2 and 3 according to the timing of discovery with a total area of 22,780 square metres.
Source = Tour Beijing